Patna Sahib Gurudwara is popularly known as Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Patna City. It is one of the most sacred pilgrimages and places in the Sikh community. Originally situated on the banks of the holy river Ganga, this Patna City Gurudwara in Patna, Bihar attracts thousands of tourists not only from the country but also all over the world, regardless of their religious beliefs, and various regions. The quiet and tranquil environment of the sacred place takes you close to the almighty or God and leaves you peacefully and spiritually motivated.
Patna Sahib Gurudwara’s sparkling white marble building weaves magnificent Sikh architecture and is considered the episode of Sikhism in eastern India. Patna Sahib Gurudwara celebrates the 10th Guru of the Sikhs, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj, and has historical and religious significance. Patna Local Guide is here to give a quick travel guide to your visit to Patna Sahib Gurudwara or the famous places to visit in Patna while you are on a Bihar trip.
Patna Sahib Gurudwara: Historical Significances of The Famous Sikh Temple
Patna Sahib Gurudwara is the second recognized and accepted Takht of the Five Takhts of Sikhs in all, which means “seat of authority”. This is the holy place where the tenth Sikh Guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj, was born in 1966 and spent ten years of his life before moving to Anandpur. Later, Patna was also honored for visits by famous saint Guru Nanak Ji and Guru Tegh Bahadur. The Patna City Gurudwara, who now celebrates Guru Gobind Singh, is also considered the holiest among the five Takhts.
The construction of Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Gurudwara dates back to the 19th century, when a great devotee of Guru Nanak Ji, Salis Rai Johri converted his majestic haveli to a Dharamshala where Guru Teg Bahadur was also located. This is also where Patna Sahib is currently located. Later, Maharaja Ranjit Singh led the rebuilding of the sacred shrine in 1839 after he was destroyed by fire.
In 1934, when Bihar was severely affected by an earthquake, parts of this sacred Gurudwara were also affected, which were later repaired in 1954, and therefore we have the present magnificent architecture of the building of Gurudwara Patna Sahib, which tells a great history of architecture and eminence of excellent and supreme faith. The place once known as Kaccha Farukh Khan is now famous as Harmandir Gali in Patna City as it houses the auspicious Harmandir Takht Patna Sahib Gurudwara.
Patna Sahib Gurudwara Museum: An Overview
Patna Sahib Gurudwara also houses a museum within its premises. It mainly displays artifacts on Guru Gobind Singh Ji and Sikhs’ history. The main topics include handwritten orders known as “Hukumnamas” by Guru Gobind Singh Ji and Guru Tegh Bahadur, preserved in a book, a sacred sword, a pair of ivory sandals, four iron arrows and a cradle with gilded shelves. Gurudwara and the museum provide an in-depth look at the amazing history of Sikhism in eastern India.
There are several local shops in Harmandir Gali that sell interesting things related to Sikh traditions and culture. Bamboo, handicrafts, wooden crafts, and leather goods are the most important purchase of these local stores, which can be great gift options for your loved ones.
Patna Sahib Gurudwara: Rituals Play at the Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Patna City
- A morning prayer called ardaas is held here every morning. 05.45, which is much appreciated by the tourists.
- Prakash Parv or the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh Ji is celebrated in December every year which is one of the main attractions of this holy place.
- Langar or free food service is offered here to all visitors, regardless of differences. Visitors are also welcome to volunteer for langar services as it is believed to be an offering to God.
- An evening is performed. 18:00. every day followed by melodic kirtan or sacred songs.
Additional Tips For The New Visitors At Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Patna City
- It is religiously mandatory to cover their heads in the premises of the Gurudwara for men and women and it is recommended to take a handkerchief or scarf with you.
- You can take pictures here.
- Patna Sahib Gurudwara also offers accommodation in its peaceful facilities. It is a great option if you are looking for accommodation in Patna City during your visit.
- Since Patna City Gurudwara is in a very narrow lane, it is difficult to find a parking space for vehicles. Therefore, public transport visit is recommended.
How To Reach Patna Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Gurudwara
Patna has good air, road, and train connections to different parts of the country. Patna Airport is 18.8 km from Patna Sahib Gurudwara and it takes about 1 hour to reach Gurudwara from the airport by road.
The nearest railway station to Takht Shri Harmandir Sahib Gurudwara is Patna Sahib Railway Station, located just 1.7 km from Gurudwara, and it is only 6 minutes to reach via the Guru Gobind Path. Although not all trains stop at this train station because Patna’s main railway station is Patna Junction, 13.1 km from Gurudwara and has well-connected transport facilities to other parts of the city including Patna Sahib Gurudwara.
Shared cars can be hailed as the most widely used form of transport here. The fare is around INR 20 and they drop you off at Chowkshikarpur. From there, you can ask the car or e-rickshaw to drop you off at Chowk. Then, walk 100 meters to reach Patna Sahib Gurudwara. Installation of cars is quite ideal in case of travel without or with minimal luggage.
Local trains and private taxi facilities are also available here. You can consider private taxis if you are traveling with a lot of luggage.